November 20: ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY
ON THIS DAY IN 1938, the Brooklyn Daily Eagle reported, “BERLIN, NOV. 19 (AP) — Nazi Germany broadened its campaign to eradicate all possible traces of Jewry from national life today amid swift financial, religious and international cross-currents. Protestant churches in some parts of the country were ordered to eliminate the German word ‘Jehovah,’ taken from the Hebrew for God, and Old Testament names of Jewish prophets. Wealthy Jews in Nuremberg, according to advices received in Munich, were forced to sign over 90 percent of their possessions to the German labor front and then told to leave the city within three months. A mass eviction of Jews was reported in Vienna. In Berlin thousands clamored in vain for permission to leave while officials debated ways and means of letting them go. Lay teachers of religion in public schools asked that pastors and priests assume such instruction. They explained no German teacher could interest Nordic pupils in ‘Jew-written Psalms’ and Old Testament history. A police order was issued today forbidding Jews to use bridle paths.”
ON THIS DAY IN 1945, the Eagle reported, “Organization of citizens into neighborhood groups of vigilantes to combat the rising crime wave in Brooklyn was suggested informally in Police Department circles today. As three more major crimes, including a stickup and two robbery assaults, were added to the borough crime toll, police officials, who for obvious reasons cannot be identified, cited the following facts in urging formation of the private vigilantes: 1 — The department is 4,000 men short and cannot effectively oppose the lawless wave; 2 — There are 2,500 names on the present Civil Service list for the department, but only two-thirds of them have passed examinations, and a great many of these are in the armed forces; 3 — It would take nine to ten months before patrolmen could be appointed from a new list; 4 — Appointment of official Sheriff’s deputies will not solve the problem, for they use their authority excessively. However, as one detective pointed out, ‘There is nothing to prevent home owners and residents from banding together and forming their own patrol system. There is nothing to prevent a man from hiring a club for himself and using it in his defense. Groups of citizens could take a block and properly patrol it in two and three-hour tours of duty.’”
ON THIS DAY IN 1960, Eagle columnist Ray Tucker said, “In his January inaugural message to the nation and Congress, President-elect John F. Kennedy will propose a budget of approximately $85 billion, the largest federal expenditure in peace time — far larger than was spent in World War II. Senator Kennedy meant what he said during the campaign that he will ‘move America forward’ in his first few months in the White House. He will try to emulate Franklin D. Roosevelt’s achievements in a similar period. President-elect Kennedy will ask Congress for new money for building schools and paying teachers’ salaries, for housing and slum clearance, for aid to depressed areas, and for a medical health insurance program tied to the Social Security system. Congress will refuse to grant him any of these demands. According to present indications, based on the election results, there will be a running fight between Capitol Hill and the White House for the next four or eight years, depending on whether Senator Kennedy is re-elected in 1964.”
ON THIS DAY IN 1964, the Brooklyn Record reported, “This Sunday marks the first anniversary of the death of our beloved President John Fitzgerald Kennedy. The Catholic War Veterans of Kings County will join the nation in remembering him as all units and auxiliaries will attend a solemn Memorial Mass sponsored by the Charles F. Sullivan Post #163 on this day at 11:00 a.m. at Holy Family Church (Canarsie), Flatlands Avenue and Rockaway Parkway. Assembly: Conklin Avenue and East 98th Street at 10:15 a.m. There will be a short parade to the Church. Your active participation along with Post and Auxiliary Colors is hopefully requested. Cmdr. Fred Gandarillas, Jr., looks forward to an outstanding turnout in displaying our faith and patriotism for our beloved President and departed Comrades of Sullivan Post #163. A collation will follow at the Greenpoint Savings Bank. Other veteran organizations have kindly invited the Chapter to join with them on this day, when they also pay tribute to our Late Commander-in-Chief.”
NOTABLE PEOPLE BORN ON THIS DAY include Oscar-winning actress Estelle Parsons, who was born in 1927; “The X-Files” star Jerry Hardin, who was born in 1929; “Libra” author Don DeLillo, who was born in 1936; actor and comedian Dick Smothers, who was born in 1939; U.S. President Joe Biden, who was born in 1942; “Spirit in the Sky” singer Norman Greenbaum, who was born in 1942; composer and choreographer Meredith Monk, who was born in 1942; “Hill Street Blues” star Veronica Hamel, who was born in 1943; Rock and Roll Hall of Famer Joe Walsh (The Eagles), who was born in 1947; “10” star Bo Derek, who was born in 1956; “Blade Runner” star Sean Young, who was born in 1959; “ER” star Ming-Na Wen, who was born in 1963; Rock and Roll Hall of Famer Mike D (Beastie Boys), who was born in 1965; former N.Y. Knicks point guard Chris Childs, who was born in 1967; “Homicide: Life on the Street” star Callie Thorne, who was born in 1969; gymnast and Olympic gold-medalist Dominique Dawes, who was born in 1976; and tennis player Caty McNally, who was born in 2001.
Special thanks to “Chase’s Calendar of Events” and Brooklyn Public Library.
“True bravery is when there is very little chance of winning, but you keep fighting.”
— President Joe Biden, who was born on this day in 1942
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