November 13: ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY
ON THIS DAY IN 1918, the Brooklyn Daily Eagle reported, “Representative Frederick C. Hicks of Long Island has introduced a bill to make November 11 a national holiday, to be known as Victory Day. Up to the present time Congress has never created a national holiday by legislation. It is Mr. Hicks’ idea that November 11, which marks the surrender of Germany, should always be celebrated in commemoration of the achievements of the American Army. His bill is as follows: ‘That in recognition of the glorious victory won for human liberty by the American forces in the conflict against Germany and her Allies and to perpetuate for all time the bravery, courage and valor of those forces, by which a complete and absolute victory was obtained, November 11 is hereby declared to be in each succeeding year a national holiday throughout the United States, its possessions and the territories thereof. That this national holiday shall be designated Victory Day.’”
ON THIS DAY IN 1938, the Eagle reported, “BERLIN (AP) — Nazi Germany today practically wiped out Jewish business, barred the nation’s 500,000 Jews from public entertainments and fined them $400,000,000 for the slaying of a German diplomat by a young Polish-German Jew in Paris. In addition, the government required that Jews whose 1,000 Berlin shops were wrecked or looted Thursday in mass demonstrations must pay for the damage themselves. Insurance claims by Jews for demolition of their properties must be paid to the state. Officials promised ‘further decisive measures’ and Jews feared that the Ghetto, unemployment or concentration camps were in store for them as the result of the most violent government and private anti-Semitic actions Nazi Germany yet has seen. Police made wholesale arrests among Jewish moneyed, educated and cultured classes, 1,600 being taken in Berlin alone. In Vienna it was estimated that between 18,000 and 20,000 Jews had been arrested since Thursday. Many of them were released but thousands still were in custody. While the anti-Semitic campaign was intensified, there were new manifestations against Catholics. Aroused Nazis at Munich shattered many windows in the palace of Michael Cardinal von Faulhaber.”
ON THIS DAY IN 1948, the Eagle reported, “LONDON (U.P.) — Scotland Yard ordered extra police to Buckingham Palace today to handle the crowds anticipated when the birth of Princess Elizabeth’s baby is announced. The royal birth is expected this weekend. Buckingham Palace was keeping its own counsel about the imminence of the great event, the approach of which had keyed millions of Britons to a high pitch of anticipation. Sir William Gilliatt, the royal obstetrician, already was holding himself in readiness. The palace purposely refrained from mentioning any specific date for the birth in order to prevent the congregation of crowds. But persons in position to make the best guess have spoken all along of this weekend as the time, and especially in the last few days as the preparations reached the final stage. However, some of the more cautious observed that this was the first-born of the 22-year-old heiress presumptive to the throne, and first children sometime arrive later than expected. Elizabeth confounded those who regarded the birth as a matter of hours when she and her husband, the Duke of Edinburgh, paid a surprise visit to Lord and Lady Brabourne. Lady Brabourne is the former Patricia Mountbatten, daughter of Earl Mountbatten and a cousin of Elizabeth’s husband.”
ON THIS DAY IN 1951, the Eagle reported, “Brooklyn’s War Memorial, complete in its park-like setting and fittingly dedicated, stood today in Cadman Plaza Park, a tribute to more than 7,000 Brooklynites who gave their lives in World War II and a testimonial to the borough’s faith in the future and its hopes for peace. The shafts of the late afternoon sun lighted the white limestone and granite monument yesterday as at the close of the ceremonies the Rev. Daniel J. Potterton, chaplain, Catholic War veterans, prayed: ‘Bless our war dead, oh God. Enlighten our leaders in Thy peace. To Thee, oh God, we look that we may never have to build another war memorial.’ An American legionnaire in red and blue dress uniform then solemnly played taps from a raised platform. A delegation of white-haired Gold Star Mothers echoed the closing prayer.”
NOTABLE PEOPLE BORN ON THIS DAY include Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Peter Arnett, who was born in 1934; Hobby Lobby founder David Green, who was born in 1941; “Criminal Minds” star Joe Mantegna, who was born in 1947; “Six Feet Under” star Frances Conroy, who was born in 1953; “Law & Order” star Chris Noth, who was born in 1954; Oscar-winner Whoopi Goldberg, who was born in 1955; singer-songwriter Aldo Nova, who was born in 1956; “Scrubs” star Neil Flynn, who was born in 1960; former N.Y. Jets quarterback Vinny Testaverde, who was born in 1963; TV host Jimmy Kimmel, who was born in 1967; “300” star Gerard Butler, who was born in 1969; The Strokes bassist Nikolai Fraiture, who was born in 1978; “High School Musical” star Monique Coleman, who was born in 1980; and singer-songwriter Julia Michaels, who was born in 1993.
Special thanks to “Chase’s Calendar of Events” and Brooklyn Public Library.
“Wine is bottled poetry.”
— author Robert Louis Stevenson, who was born on this day in 1850
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