October 1: ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY
ON THIS DAY IN 1933, a Brooklyn Daily Eagle editorial said, “The action begun by Federal District Attorney Medalie against Frederick B. Campbell, Manhattan lawyer, will provide a test of the constitutionality of the emergency laws relating to the hoarding of gold, and consequently a test of the powers exercised by the President under those laws. Strictly speaking Mr. Campbell has not been accused as a hoarder, though he may yet be indicted for that offense. The indictment to which he has filed a not guilty plea and to which his counsel plans to file a demurrer simply charges him with failing to present a report covering the amount of gold bullion deposited by him with the Chase National Bank. The fact that Mr. Campbell had bullion valued at more than $200,000 in the vaults of the bank was disclosed to the Federal authorities on Mr. Campbell’s own initiative in beginning a legal proceeding against the bank to compel the return of the bullion to his own custody. Under the law the bank cannot do that. A prosecution of the civil action to the end might have attained the same result as that sought by the District Attorney’s criminal process, which is a test of the law relating to gold withheld from Government control. Mr. Campbell might have preferred the test of the civil process. Mr. Medalie, bound to move for the enforcement of the law, prefers the criminal process, which would make the defendant liable to imprisonment as well as fine in the event of conviction. Mr. Campbell is a reputable citizen of good standing in his profession. That Mr. Medalie would press for a jail sentence in the event of conviction is unlikely. The case is important in its criminal aspect only because it promises the first definitive test of the extraordinary powers conferred upon the President to meet an emergency created by a panicky distrust of Government and of banks.”
ON THIS DAY IN 1947, the Eagle reported, “UNITED NATIONS HALL, FLUSHING (U.P.) — The United States battled toe-to-toe today with the Soviet Union in a desperate attempt to repudiate partially and indirectly the Stalin-Roosevelt secret Yalta agreement which gave the Soviet Union three votes in the United Nations. Alarmed U.N. delegates sat helplessly and almost equally divided while the two giants hurtled head-long at each other in a basic struggle over Poland’s successor on the Security Council. Many feared it may destroy the U.N. as it now exists. The United States is trying to establish the principle that neither the Ukraine nor White Russia have the same rights within the U.N. as other nations because of being an integral part of the Soviet Union. The Yalta agreement granted them an equal status with all other nations. If the U.S. wins, the Soviet Union is certain to challenge the decision with an explosion that will be heard far beyond these halls. The Soviets had more than a majority on their side as the fight entered its second day, but it was a few votes short of a needed two-thirds. The issue is: What nation shall succeed pro-Russian Poland, which has represented Eastern Europe and the Slav bloc on the Security Council for two years and has been Russia’s sole supporter in innumerable 9 to 2 votes. The Russians want the Ukraine. It is an integral part of the Soviet Union but has a separate U.N. delegation with a vote of its own.”
ON THIS DAY IN 1951, the Eagle reported, “The eyes of the nation turned to Ebbets Field today as the Dodgers and Giants moved in for a last-ditch playoff series which will settle the National League pennant race in a best-of-three-game set. The weary, exuberant Dodgers, who were forced to fight a long uphill battle with Philadelphia to clinch a tie after leading the league for most of the season, sent Ralph Branca to the mound. Jim Hearn, third ranking Giant hurler, took over the hurling chores for the Giants, who climaxed a sensational six-week drive to erase a 13 1/2-game deficit and move into a first place tie in the last two days of the season. Long lines surrounded the park by 9 a.m., when tickets went on sale, and a capacity, howling crowd of 34,000 was a certainty by the 1:30 game time. The New York team was a slight favorite to win the series, which will shift to the Polo Grounds for the second game and a third, if necessary. Manager Chuck Dressen, heartened by the comeback yesterday when Brooklyn rallied to win in the 14th inning after the Giants knocked off Boston, wasn’t making any predictions.”
NOTABLE PEOPLE BORN ON THIS DAY include former U.S. President Jimmy Carter, who was born in 1924; Oscar-winning actress Julie Andrews, who was born in 1935; Peaches & Herb member Herb Fame, who was born in 1942; Baseball Hall of Famer Rod Carew, who was born in 1945; “Independence Day” star Randy Quaid, who was born in 1950; former N.Y. Mets pitcher Pete Falcone, who was born in Brooklyn in 1953; Shalamar singer Howard Hewett, who was born in 1955; singer-songwriter Youssou N’Dour, who was born in 1959; “NYPD Blue” star Esai Morales, who was born in 1962; baseball player Mark McGwire, who was born in 1963; “Between Two Ferns” host Zach Galifianakis, who was born in 1969; “Grey’s Anatomy” star Sarah Drew, who was born in 1980; and Oscar-winning actress Brie Larson, who was born in 1989.
Special thanks to “Chase’s Calendar of Events” and Brooklyn Public Library.
“The love of liberty is a common blood that flows in our American veins.”
— former President Jimmy Carter, who was born on this day in 1924
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