October 21, birthdays for Kim Kardashian, Benjamin Netanyahu, Carrie Fisher
ON THIS DAY IN 1947, the Brooklyn Daily Eagle published an article titled “Elizabeth Fidgets on Throne in Presentation as Next Ruler.”
The article focused on Princess Elizabeth making her debut as heiress apparent to the throne of the British Empire.
“Royal heralds in medieval tunics of gold and scarlet trumpeted a fanfare today, and a wide-eyed girl fidgeting on a small oak and plush throne was presented to the British Empire as its next ruler,” the Eagle reported.
NOTABLE PEOPLE born on this day include musician Elvin Bishop, who was born in 1942; “Star Wars” actress Carrie Fisher, who was born in 1956; journalist and author Frances Fitzgerald, who was born in New York City in 1940; Hall of Fame baseball player Edward Charles “Whitey” Ford, who was born in New York City in 1928; TV personality Kim Kardashian, who was born in 1980; author Ursula K. LeGuin, who was born in 1929; Prime Minister of Israel Benjamin Netanyahu, who was born in 1949; and “The Last Samurai” actor Ken Watanabe, who was born in 1959.
ALFRED NOBEL was born on this day in 1833. The chemist and engineer invented dynamite, and his will established the Nobel Prize. He died in December of 1896 in Italy.
DIZZY GILLESPIE was born on this day in 1917. Born John Birks Gillespie but known as “Dizzy,” the trumpet player, composer and bandleader is known as one of the founding fathers of modern jazz. In the early 1940s, Gillespie and alto saxophonist Charlie (Yardbird) Parker created bebop. In the late ’40s, Gillespie created a second music revolution by incorporating Afro-Cuban music into jazz.
In 1953, someone fell onto Gillespie’s trumpet and bent it. Finding he could hear the sound better, he kept it that way; his puffed cheeks and bent trumpet became his trademarks. He won a Grammy in 1975 for “Oscar Peterson and Dizzy Gillespie” and again in 1991 for “Live at the Royal Festival Hall.” He died in 1996 in Englewood, NJ.
THE BATTLE OF TRAFALGAR took place on this day in 1805. This famous naval action between the British Royal Navy and the combined French and Spanish fleets removed the threat of Napoleon’s invasion of England. The British victory, off Trafalgar on the coast of Spain, guaranteed the fame of Viscount Horatio Nelson, who died in the battle.
“FOR WHOM THE BELL TOLLS” was published on this day in 1940. Dedicated to Martha Gellhorn (whom Hemingway married the next month), Ernest Hemingway’s novel of love and death in the Spanish Civil War was published by Charles Scribner’s Sons. It was an immediate popular and critical success and sold almost 500,000 copies the first six months after publication.
Special thanks to “Chase’s Calendar of Events” and Brooklyn Public Library.
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