Brooklyn Boro

October 18: ON THIS DAY in 1942, U.S. Navy goes into action in battle for Guadalcanal

October 18, 2019 Brooklyn Eagle History

ON THIS DAY IN 1843, the Brooklyn Daily Eagle reported, “Some remarkable experiments have been made with Morse’s Electro-magnetic Telegraph arrangements, and they have demonstrated surprising facts. Wires extending in length 158 miles were laid down, the Battery &c., prepared, and matters communicated that distance in almost a second of time! In experiments to ascertain the resistance to the passage of the electric current, it was proved that the ‘resistance increases rapidly with the first few miles, and less rapidly afterwards, until for very great lengths no sensible difference can be observed.” 

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ON THIS DAY IN 1931, the Eagle reported, “Chicago (AP) — Al Capone’s income tax suit went to the jury this afternoon. Federal Judge James H. Wilkerson took an hour and ten minutes to instruct the jury. He said it was not necessary to prove the exact amount of income ($1,035,000 in six years) charged in the indictment against the gang leader, but that if the jurors believed the evidence proved he had a gross income large enough so that under the law he was liable to file a return and pay a tax (about $5,000 a year) and that he had evaded such tax, they should find him guilty.”

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ON THIS DAY IN 1937, the Eagle reported, “London  (U.P.) — Joseph Bruce Ismay, 74, former owner of the White Star Line and president of the International Mercantile Marine Company, who survived the Titanic disaster, died Sunday. Ismay, as head of the line, was the target for bitter abuse following the sinking of the liner with the loss of 1,635 lives because he had left her in one of the lifeboats, though there were not enough places in the boats for hundreds of passengers. Public opinion blamed the disaster on Ismay, saying that Capt. E.J. Smith had obeyed his orders in speeding the ship through waters filled with icebergs. A United States Senate investigating committee did not place the blame on anyone, although it agreed that the Titanic was traveling too fast through ice fields after having received three ice warnings which went unheeded.”

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ON THIS DAY IN 1942, the Eagle reported, “Washington (UP) — American naval forces are now in action in the battle for Guadalcanal, the navy reported late today in a communique which disclosed that thus far no full-scale land fighting has developed. American losses in the battle thus far have been minor, but the navy described the enemy assault as ‘serious’ and said that ‘in a battle of this nature, losses must be expected.’ Details of the part being played by the navy in resisting the savage Japanese attack were not given, but it was regarded as significant that the navy declared that ‘our land, sea and air forces of the army, navy and marine corps are engaged.’”

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ON THIS DAY IN 1949, the Eagle reported, “Hong Kong (U.P.) — Communist sources said today that Britain was offering recognition to the Peiping regime in return for guarantees that British rights in Hong Kong would be respected. These reports, which could not be confirmed officially, said the negotiations were being carried on in the Chinese Communist capital of Peiping on an informal basis. In London, the Foreign Office admitted that British Consul General W.C.G. Graham has approached Communist authorities on a possible agreement to protect British property. ‘At present, no decision has been taken on the question of recognition of the new Communist regime in China,’ a British spokesman said.”

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ON THIS DAY IN 1954, the Eagle reported, “Cleveland (U.P.) — The murder trial of Dr. Samuel H. Sheppard opened today. The defense immediately charged that there were so many newspapermen in the courtroom — almost to the exclusion of the public — that it would be ‘detrimental’ to a fair trial. Sheppard, described by friends as a kind and gentle father and husband, is charged with beating to death his pregnant, blond wife last Independence Day … To support his contention that unfavorable publicity had hurt Sheppard’s chances for a fair trial, [defense attorney William J.] Corrigan summoned 23 witnesses, including business managers of Cleveland’s three daily newspapers, managers of local radio and television stations and distributors of magazines and out-of-town newspapers.”


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