January 10: ON THIS DAY in 1920, the German Peace Treaty Protocol was signed
ON THIS DAY IN 1861, the Brooklyn Daily Eagle reported, “Civil War. The promise of a peaceful settlement of the troubles which afflict our country are hourly diminishing. Mississippi has followed the example of South Carolina, and yesterday declared herself through the almost unanimous vote of a convention chosen by her people, no longer a member of this confederation. Florida will follow her example immediately, and Georgia and Alabama within a few days. Louisiana, Arkansas and Texas are sure to take the same course. The question no longer is between the petulant State of South Carolina and the United States, but between seven states of this confederation and the remaining 26. From every indication, the coercive blow struck will call to the aid of the seven states four of their sister states and practically make it a war between the northern and southern sections of this country.”
ON THIS DAY IN 1917, the Eagle reported from Denver, “Col. William Frederick Cody (Buffalo Bill), soldier, hunter and scout, died at 12:05 p.m. here today, at the home of his sister. He was 70 years old. At 11 o’clock this morning, Dr. J.H. East, Colonel Cody’s physician said: ‘Col. Cody is dying. He is sinking rapidly. He cannot last over three or four hours.’ Col. Cody suffered a general breakdown recently and failed rapidly, until the end came. With Col. Cody when he died were his wife and daughter, who had hurried down from Cody, Wyo., the family home, last week, to be at his bedside, and his sister, Mrs. L.E. Decker of Denver.”
ON THIS DAY IN 1920, the Eagle reported from Paris, “The German Peace Treaty Protocol was signed by Germany’s representative here today, preliminary to the ceremony of exchanging ratifications putting the treaty into effect. Baron Kurt von Lersner, the head of the German Mission, affixed his signature to the protocol at 4 o’clock. The document provides for reparation for the sinking of the German warships at Scapa Flow and to insure the carrying out of the armistice terms. The Treaty of Versailles, making peace between Germany and the ratifying Allied powers, was put into effect at 4:15 o’clock by the exchange of ratifications.
IT WAS ALSO REPORTED, “The putting of the League of Nations into being, which will be one of the immediate consequences of the exchange of ratifications of the Treaty of Versailles, will occur in Paris at 10:30 o’clock on the morning of Friday, Jan. 16, the Supreme Council decided today. Ambassador Wallace cabled this decision of the council to President [Woodrow] Wilson, so that the president might issue to formal notice of the meeting of the Council of the League to be held on the date named. The first meeting of the council will be called to order and presided over by Leon Bourgeois, the representative of France to the council. He will deliver a brief address. Earl Curzon, the British foreign secretary, who will represent Great Britain at the meeting, also will speak.”
ON THIS DAY IN 1955, the Eagle reported, “Washington, Jan. 10 (U.P) — President [Dwight] Eisenhower resubmitted to the Senate today the nomination of Judge John Marshall Harlan of New York to be an associate justice of the Supreme Court. Harlan, a member of the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in New York, originally was nominated by Mr. Eisenhower last November during the Senate’s special session to consider censure charges against Senator Joseph R. McCarthy. But the Senate delayed action on the nomination and Mr. Eisenhower did not give Harlan a recess appointment. Harlan was nominated to the court vacancy caused by the death of Justice Robert H. Jackson.” Harlan served on the Supreme Court from 1955 to 1971. His grandfather of the same name served on the Court from 1877 to 1911.